1-A Electron Microscope
Past is Prologue
OF THE '60S
NIH Stetten Museum and the Office
of NIH History announce the display of two 1960s-era scientific
instruments and the cutting-edge research for which they were used.
The exhibit is sponsored by the OD Office of Communications and Public
1-A Electron Microscope now on display in the lobby of Building 50 remained
in use at NIH for over four decades. Albert
Kapikian, NIAID, utilized immune electron microscopy to detect viruses.
Specifically, he discovered and visualized Norwalk virus particlesknown
for striking cruise ships. This was the first time a virus was linked
to diarrheal illness. NIH researchers also used this microscope to detect
and characterize hepatitis A and hepatitis C, as well as to visualize
describe his research on Tuesday, June 28, 1:00
p.m., in the Bldg. 50 lobby conference room.
A-60 NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) spectrophotometer on display in
the Natcher lobby is an example of the first low-cost, user-friendly
instrument of its kind. It used powerful magnetic fields to line up
the nuclei of atoms in the same direction and then flip them over. By
tracing the energy the nuclei released when they flipped, the machine
could record the unique spectra associated with each type of atom. The
NMR led to the development of magnetic resonance imaging and the visualization
of large molecules such as proteins. The display showcases the brain
development research of Jay
Giedd, NIMH, and the study in Adriaan
Baxs NIDDK laboratory of how large proteins move and function,
with emphasis on immunodeficiency viruses.
Becker will speak on the history of NMR at the NIH on Tuesday, May
24, 1:00 p.m., in the Natcher Balcony A conference room.
Curator, NIH Stetten Museum
Past is Prologue
THE MIND IN THE '50S
1959, NIMH and NINDB intramural scientists were leaders in the
NIH Assembly of Scientists. Left to right: Sanford L. Palay, Secretary,
from the Laboratory of Neuroanatomical Sciences, NINDB; Karl Frank,
Vice President, from the Laboratory of Neurophysiology, NINDB,
and Haldor E. Rosvold, President, from the Laboratory of Psychology,
Office of NIH History, NIMH,
and NINDS announce the publication
Brain, Body, and Behavior: Foundations of Neuroscience and Behavioral
Research at the National Institutes of Health (Ingrid
G. Farreras, Caroline
Hannaway, and Victoria
A. Harden, eds. Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2004).
This book emanated
from a symposium, "NIMH and NINDB Intramural Research in the 1950s,"
held at NIH April 11, 2003, to recapture the historic work of both institutes
intramural programs during their first decade of research at the NIHa
time when they shared a joint intramural basic research program.
donated historical photographs, correspondence, unpublished documents,
laboratory notebooks, and other items from this time period to the Office
of NIH History archives.
Farreras, a Stetten
Memorial fellow, supplemented the early history of the two institutes
and detailed analysis of their joint program with extensive photographs
and appendices that serve as references to who was in which laboratory
when. Because NIH did not keep these records, she had to reconstruct
the labs painstakingly via phone books, unpublished annual reports,
and other sources.
scientists wrote firsthand accounts of their memories of the various
labs and branches of the joint intramural program, and current NINDS
Landis traced the evolution of the research over the decades.
A major aim
of this volume, say its editors, is to spur NIH scientists and administrators
to collect, preserve, and donate archival materials to the Office
of NIH History and the NLM.