|T H E N I H C A T A L Y S T||S E P T E M B E R O C T O B E R 2004|
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Kids' Catalyst: Tone Trek
Youll need: One set of three glasses (real glassplastic doesnt work so wellwonder why?) Another set of three glasses of similar shape, but different size Water A pencil
Fill the first glass to the top with water. Pour the water from the first glass into the second glass until theyre even. Then take the second glass and pour water into the third glass to make them even. Take one of the 1/4-full glasses and fill it all the way up. Now you have three glassesone is full, one 1/2 full, one 1/4 full.
Now take a pencil and tap the side of the glasses. You dont need a piano to tell that they all sound different. (If you have a music teacher around, ask them to write the notes down on the staff.)
Now it gets really interesting. Use the same method to fill the next set of glasses. Theyre not the same glasses, but they still follow the same pattern. Youll find that the difference between the first and second glasses is the same as the second and third. Do you think this will work for glasses that have a completely different shape? Give it a try. Do you think the difference will be the same or less with four glasses filled in 1/4-glass increments? What about 12?
Singing Coins (in Balloon)
Youll need: A balloon A penny, a nickel, a dime, and a quarter
This one is really fun! Blow up your balloon, choose a coin and place it inside the balloon, and twirl. Pretty strange sound, huh? Try whirling at different speeds, and write down how the sound changes when its going fast or slow. Try this with the other coins, too. Does a quarter sound different from the dime? What about how inflated the balloon is? Does that change the tone?
Youll need: Looseleaf paper (to begin) Scissors A pencil
Make a whistle out of a piece of paper. How? Get some looseleaf paper and cut a strip about six inches long and two inches wide. Fold it in half (widthwise), and in the middle of the fold poke a pencil all the way through the paper. Fold it in half again, touch the two outside flaps (but dont smash them together), and blow through the folds. Be careful, this can be much louder than you would ever think a piece of paper could get! Try this with different size holes, different types of paper (file folders, tissue paper, index cards), and with different people.
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